Leutenbach and the castle

Leutenbach and the castle

The community of leutenbach can't stop celebrating. In 2007, the millennium anniversary of the bishopric was celebrated with a "millennium run", a few weeks ago, the landwehr celebrated its 200th anniversary; now it's 900 years again. The noble family of leutenbach was first mentioned in a document in 1112.

Toni eckert's two lectures took the audience back to the century of the salians. At that time leutenbach was dominated by an imposing castle above the present chapel of saint moritz. How this castle could have looked once, could be seen in the entrance area of the parish hall, where a model was built according to historical specifications, overflights and scale measurements.
The history of the noblemen of leutenbach, who originally came from burgundy, dear eckert begins with the investiture dispute, which began with emperor heinrich's IV. Bubgang to canossa ended to loosen the papal ban. Engilhard liber homo de ludunbach carried as salmann (trustee) of his son heinrich V. The name leutenbach in his family name when he gave the castle albewinistein (is assumed to be in the area around betzenstein) to bamberg and bishop otto I. Sold.

The first name friedrich became a leading name for the whole family of the "milites" mentioned in the papal document (count or. Noble) and was assigned to certain families – arnstein, walpoten, aufseb, waischenfeld, schonfeld and leutenbach. Of these sexes, only one still exists today, that of aufseb.

Noble immigrants

Where did these people come from, who in the 11. Century often appeared as burgengrunder? There were two waves of noble immigration, the first in the 7th century. In the 16th century in the french fight against the slavic king samo and about 100 years later, when french noble families took possession of the jura at the regnitz river. Around 1100 this radenzgau had reached the extent of today's upper franconia, which was divided among about 25 noble families. The walpoten were at the top of the hierarchy, the leutenbacher were relatively high up, in ninth or tenth place, as far as power, property and reputation were concerned. Ten family members are named in documents up to 1203, after which the family disappears into the darkness of history. Thus, the reifenberger became extinct in 1100, the schlusselberger in 1347.

According to eckert, the reason why the noblesse died out was probably because they had not been able to produce any food until the 13th century. No marriages with ministers in the twenty-first century. A still unproven possibility is that the people of leutenbach took part in the fourth crusade (1202 – 1204) and did not return from there.

In carolingian and ottonian times castles were mostly built as towerless rough ramparts – in this region these are the hetzlas and the hummerstein near gasseldorf. The fortresses in the forchheimer land corresponded in their spur position to the neideck and originated only in the 12th century. The sixteenth century under the staufers. The largest tower of this type stands above ebermannstadt on the road to the feuerstein. End of the 11. Castles were built in gobweinstein, waischenfeld and pottenstein in the middle of the 19th century. The noble wirnt of waischenfeld was mentioned in 1078 in the same breath as friedrich of leutenbach.
Dieter george, cultural advisor forchheim, interprets leutenbach as a "settlement on a noisy brook". Consequently, the village must have originated before 900, a settlement theory that also agrees with that of eckert.

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